What should we know about the Turkey’s accession to the EU?

Turkey and the EU

Turkey and the EU

Without a doubt, the accession of Turkey to the EU is going to be one of the longest and complicated processes that EU will carry out during its existence. Since 14th November 1987 when Turkey formally asked for the accession, the meetings between these two regions have taken up hours and hours of negotiations.

 Nevertheless, the negotiations did not start formally until 2005. In November 2013, the negotiations were relaunched after three years of paralyzation. In this way, the past 21st of January, the prime minister of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, visited Brussels in order to meet with Durao Barroso, Van Rompuy, and Martin Schulz. But, what are the pros and cons in relation to the Turkiss accession? We have powerful arguments to defend each position, and the future accession (or not) will define the enlargement policy of the EU in the next years.

On the one hand, if eventually Turkey does not get the access to the EU, it will suppose a blow for the EU credibility as international organization (as long as Turkey has fulfilled with the agreements and deals). Moreover, if Turkey becomes part of EU, it will constitute an approach to the Muslim society. Thus, the EU will have the chance of undertaking relationships of neighborhood with the border countries.

There are reasons of defense policy as well. I mean, although at present there is not a European army, maybe in the future we will see one. The contribution to this army would be amazing if we take into account the population of Turkey (more than 74 millions of persons).

Finally, one of the biggest problems of Europe is the aging of its population. In regard to this situation, the accession of Turkey would be very positive in order to reduce the age range of the European population.

On the other hand, we must analyze the cons. In this way, one of the concerns in relation to the Turkiss accession would be the imminent risk of massive immigration from Turkey to other wealthy Member States.  The poorest Turkish citizens will not hesitate about going to solvent countries such as Germany.

Besides, there is a fact that we should not pass up. Turkey does not have comparable infrastructures to other infrastructures belonging to other Member States. Therefore, Turkey will need a huge part of the European budget, and a huge part of the structural funds and the cohesion fund in order to improve and mend this problem. It would suppose damage for the eastern countries, which nowadays are the main addressee of these aids.

At this point, we must stand out the future role of Turkey in the Council, at the moment of intervene in the legislative procedure. As a result of its big population, Turkey would have a decisive role in order to take decisions.

Another issue to take into consideration is the respect of the human rights by Turkey. The protection of human rights is not as good as it would be desirable. A proof of that situation is that Turkey is one of the countries that often break this sort of rights according to the information of the European Court of Human Rights. As it is known, the respect and the protection of the human rights is a basic requirement in order to belong to the EU.

 To sum up, the cultural argument provokes mistrust about accepting Turkey as a Member State. The Turkish society is mainly Muslim, and this fact could entail a cultural crash within the EU. In addition, the Prime Minister Erdogan does not help to think differently with his statements. When he was mayor of Istanbul, he said these words: “Mosques are our barracks, minarets our bayonets, domes our helmets, the believers our soldiers”.

Comparing all the arguments, judge for yourself.


Source | 20minuto, Euronews, El Mundo

Picture | El Mundo

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Law degree at Alcalá University (Madrid). Master in European Union at the Royal Institute of European Studies (Zaragoza). Read Full

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