The sovereignty of the Artic.

descargaA long time ago, we talked about the sovereignty of Antarctica. Well, the Arctic was not going to be less tan its partner from the South; it does not get rid of territorial disputes.

It is difficult to distribute the Artic geographically since it is composed of land, ocean, ice, sea ice… It is a kind of a closed sea with a huge mass of ice which melts more each year because of the thaw.

However, it continues being a truly strategic point for its biodiversity and natural resources, especially gas, fishing… Likewise, the continuous ice melting is making distances shorter in many trade routes by boat through the North (for example, if you want to go from Europe to Japan)

Nowadays, five countries are claiming a part of the Arctic. Curiously, these countries are the coastal states  which are (Alaska) U.S., Canada – for Yukon, Nunavit, and Northwest Territories-, Denmark -for the Faroe Islands and Greenland-, Russia and Norway.

Today, the Arctic continues being the subject of a number of research reports conducted by different countries which try to take advantage of this land and argue minimal reason to justify their sovereignty.

In the absence of a particular law, It is used the UN Convention of the Law of the sea, by virtue of which a state can claim an exclusive economic area of 200 nautical miles.  Although, this figure can rise up to 350 nautical miles if the Continental Shelf extends beyond those 200 nautical miles.

Now, geologists from these countries are in continuous research to see if they can benefit from this large cake.

The international institution which discusses the issues of the Arctic is the Arctic Council, established by  The 1996 Ottawa Declaration and whose purpose is to promote cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic states. Its eight members are the coastal states mentioned above plus Sweden and Finland.

Source|Artic Council

Picture| Artic

Author Spotlight

Dueñas Gomez


Law and Political Science degree in San Pablo-CEU (Madrid).

Currently studying International Bussines and Law in Saxion University (The Netherlands) Read Full

Follow us on Facebook

Friends Activity

Log in | Designed by Gabfire themes