The sovereignty of the Artic.


A long time ago, we talked about the sovereignty of Antarctica. Well, the Arctic was not going to be less tan its partner from the South; it does not get rid of territorial disputes. It is difficult to distribute the Artic geographically since it is composed of land, ocean, ice, sea ice… It is a kind […]

The Protection of the Human Rights in Europe

Council of Europe

If we want to analyze the protection of the fundamental rights in Europe, we have to focus on two organizations: the European Union and the Council of Europe. The difference between these two organizations is based on the different nature and aims of these organizations. The Council of Europe is an international organization that belongs […]

The constitutionalism in the populist movements


The origin of the constitutional populism can be considered that it is directly related to the bonapartism. The way that populism has been born follows the characteristics of Napoleón III, who was democratically elected, and at the power, he dissolved the National Assembly and violated the Constitution. Common characteristics: – The elective origin of both. […]

The sovereignty of Antarctica


The sovereignty of this uninhabited area has generated much controversy. Territorial claims ranging from States which have no border with Antarctica, (such as the claim of the nazi Germany of the new Suabia region) to States which, throughout its history, never contributed to its discovery (Uruguay, Colombia, Brazil) through the frontage theory. However, the reality […]

What should we know about the Turkey’s accession to the EU?

Turkey and the EU

Without a doubt, the accession of Turkey to the EU is going to be one of the longest and complicated processes that EU will carry out during its existence. Since 14th November 1987 when Turkey formally asked for the accession, the meetings between these two regions have taken up hours and hours of negotiations.  Nevertheless, […]

What is the principle of extraterritoriality?


The principle of extraterritoriality is defined, according to the legal encyclopedia, as “fiction of international law that has been used to explain the immunities which subtract certain people or certain things (agents and diplomatic enclosures especially) to the authority of the State of residence, as though they were in the national territory”. This means that, […]

Standing to bring applications for annulment before the European Courts: State aid cases

almunia 2

In 2002, Spain set up a new tax relief scheme for the purchase of ships involving leasing and financing. This was the so-called Spanish Tax Lease System (‘SEAF’). The regime allowed the Associations of Economic Interest (‘AEIs’) to become beneficiaries of this tax relief. Those associations acted as intermediary between the shipyards in charge of […]

Does total freedom of movement actually exist in the European Union?

Bulgaria and Romania became a member of the EU in 2007

Since the January first, Romanian and Bulgarian workers have total freedom to work in any member State of the European Union, without the need to request a permission to work. It is true that Bulgaria and Romania became members of the European Union in 2007, but nine member States established some restrictions to the free […]

Stop-and-frisk policy

Stop and frisk

For those who have never heard about this topic, first of all, we’re going to explain it succinctly. It is a native of New York City and it is a practice developed by police officers from NYCPD (New York City Police Department). It basically consists of stopping, questioning and frisking pedestrian with the final intention […]

Do we have a right to be forgotten online?

Have you ever tried to write your name on an Internet search engine? Have you been unpleasantly surprised with the relevant results? If so, you will not be the first one who tries to delete that negative search result from the net. In other words the first who tries to exercise his “right to oblivion” […]

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